First introduced in 2006, Karbolyn® is a homopolysaccharide (relatively complex carbohydrate), made up of many monosaccharides (simple carbohydrate) joined together by glycosidic bonds. These are very large bonds that are branched macromolecules. The "Molecular Mass" has been precisely manipulated through an “Enzymatic Milling Process” to create absorption through the stomach at a rate much greater than maltodextrin, dextrose, bread, pasta, rice or any other carbohydrate product on the market. Because Karbolyn® passes through the stomach very quickly; it acts like a pump, pulling water and all the ingredients in Glyco-Muscel Fueler along with it, making sure the ingredients are available for immediate use. Karbolyn® Moves through the stomach 18.21% faster than dextrose or sugar and has a higher Solution Osmolarity than Dextros, Sucrose and other carbohydrate powders on the market. Karbolyn® is completely sugar-free, gluten free and is able to offer sustained energy levels lasting up to two hours while not causing any of the side effects like stomach bloating or discomfort some carbohydrate supplements produce.
Citrulline DL-Malate 2:1
Is the combination of the organic compounds Citrulline, an amino acid, and Malic acid. Citrulline was first discovered in 1914 in watermelon. Malic acid was first isolated from apple juice in 1785 and is present in apples, grapes, most wines and contributes to the sourness of green apples. The combination of these two compounds creates Citrulline Malate, which has been shown to improve ATP production and enhance creatine phosphate regeneration. Additionally, Citrulline improves blood flow throughout the body and with it, oxygen and nutrient circulation. Citrulline also helps the body eliminate toxins, such as lactic acid and ammonia from muscles that would otherwise build up during physical activity. This allows muscles to continue to exercise with more power and energy during periods of physical activity.
ATP (as Adenosine Triphosphate)
First discovered in 1929, ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the very chemical that is responsible for supplying energy to every cell in the body and is produced by every mitochondria cell within the human body. Every cell must have a supply of ATP in order to properly function. Under normal conditions (such as at rest) the body can produce all the ATP it needs for a healthy existence. However, during stressful conditions, such as high-intensity exercise, the body's ATP stores are rapidly depleted and cannot be replenished quickly enough by normal means. During intense training, competition or another time when the body needs to step up the effort, it must have the “cellular goods” to deliver the performance. Supplementation of ATP can provide a boost in energy exactly when the body needs it most and help with faster recovery.
4-Hydroxyisoleucine (Fenugreek Extract)
Highly praised for its beneficial uses in ancient Egypt, India, by the Greeks and the Romans, Fenugreek has been found to provide several health benefits. Research has shown Fenugreek extract to be very effective for regulating blood glucose levels while also increasing glycogen storage capacity in muscle cells. In one study, muscle glycogen re-synthesis significantly increased by 63%, when a carbohydrate supplement was taken together with 4-Hydroxyisoleucine post exercise versus just taking a carbohydrate supplement alone. When taken with a carbohydrate supplement like Glyco-Muscle Fueler, Fenugreek Extract (4-hydroxyisoleucine) helps drive nutrient uptake by the muscles resulting in better absorption and utilization of the carbohydrate supplement.
Researchers from Michigan first reported in 1993 that the naturally occurring compound detected in humans, Guanidinopropionic Acid possessed both anti-hyperglycemic and anti-obesity activity during testing. The same study showed that Guanidinoprpionic Acid also elicits an improvement in insulin sensitivity and accelerates the disappearance of intravenous glucose. As a result, Guanidinopropionic Acid helps the body to take up and utilize glucose more effectively and utilize more glucose from the blood stream to provide more energy to the working muscles.