The organic compound L-Citrulline was first discovered in 1914 in watermelon. In fact, its name is derived from citrullus, the Latin word for watermelon. L-Citrulline is a non-essential amino acid that is known for its ability to enhance athletic performance. It is turned into L-Arginine and Nitric Oxide in the kidneys. These compounds are important for heart and blood vessel health as they help arteries relax and work better. By improving blood flow throughout the body, oxygen and nutrient circulation increases and supports muscle cells better. L-Citrulline also helps the body eliminate toxins, such as lactic acid and ammonia, from muscles that would otherwise build up during physical activity. This allows muscles to continue to exercise with more power and energy during periods of physical activity.
L-Carnosine is an amino acid that is naturally found in skeletal muscle. It has created tremendous interest in the athletic community for its ability to slow down the aging of cells. Additionally, L-Carnosine supplementation helps to keep the ph in muscles neutral. When lactic acid accumulates in muscles from strenuous activity, ph falls; muscles fatigue and ultimately exhaust themselves. This effect means that L-Carnosine has the ability to allow cells to undergo more stress from physical activity while increase muscle strength, endurance and helping to speed up recovery. L-Carnosine has also been shown to be a powerful anti-oxidant and has very positive action in helping to reverse diseases where glucose uptake is a problem. For athletes, it means that energy reserves can be more quickly called upon during exercise.
OKG is a salt formed from two molecules of the amino acid Ornithine and one molecule of Alpha-Ketoglutarate. OKG offers many benefits to athletes. It plays a strong role in the oxidation process and allows the body to better burn energy during periods of peak athletic performance. More importantly, it appears to reduce problems athletes normally associate with ammonia build-up caused by the tearing down of muscles in training and competition. It has proven to have benefits with patients suffering from kidney problems. In reducing ammonia toxicity, muscles tend to be less sore and OKG may allow faster recovery from injury. Additionally, OKG seems to play a role in amino acid synthesis and protein availability, which supports muscle mass, strength and healthy hormone levels.
The nonessential amino acid L-Tyrosine has received a great deal of attention among trainers and athletes for its effects on improving nerve function without having ill effects on mood. A natural ingredient found in meat, oatmeal and seafood, L-Tyrosine is said to lower stress hormones while creating an improvement in mental sharpness and awareness. As a result, L-Tyrosine creates an improvement in physical performance. L-Tyrosine has also been used to lower the risks associated with stress and fatigue; two factors that often accompany intense physical training.
First discovered by Russian scientists in 1927, L-Carnitine and its physiological significance was understood by the 1960’s. L-Carnitine is an amino acid that is naturally produced in the body and found in muscle tissue. Although Cardio Surge Energy is formulated using three forms of L-Carnitine with each providing their own benefits, all forms of L-Carnitine deliver set benefits to athletes. Some of these benefits include transporting long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane more efficiently to be used as energy. L-Carnitine can act as an anti-catabolic agent because of its 'Glycogen Sparing' effect to improve energy production from fatty acids and effectively reduces the need to burn glycogen. There is a strong correlation between muscle L-Carnitine and the activity of the Krebs cycle, a pivotal cycle in carbohydrate metabolism. L-Carnitine lowers the amount of lactate that is formed during intense physical exercise to improve performance by clearing extra lactic acid from blood and tissue. Additionally, L-Carnitine works to lower ammonia levels by increasing its incorporation into urea, which excretes into urine and creates a protective effect against ammonia poisoning caused by extreme physical activity. L-Carnitine shows a demonstrable increase in peripheral blood supply and capillary dilatation. This can lead to more oxygen absorption and substrate turnover, especially during intense training sessions. L-Carnitine acts as an antioxidant by scavenging free radicals and protects the immune system.
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